Understanding Common Eye Conditions and How to Manage Them

As one of the most important organs in our body, our eyes allow us to experience the world around us. However, like any other part of our body, our eyes can be affected by a number of conditions that can lead to discomfort and even vision loss. In this post, we’ll discuss some of the most common eye conditions and how to manage them.

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common condition that affects a large number of people. It occurs when the eye is longer than normal or the cornea is too curved, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of on it. The result is blurry distance vision, but clear near vision. The most common treatment for myopia is corrective eyewear, such as glasses or contact lenses.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is the opposite of myopia. It occurs when the eye is shorter than normal or the cornea is too flat, causing light to focus behind the retina instead of on it. The result is blurry near vision, but clear distance vision. As with myopia, corrective eyewear is the most common treatment for hyperopia.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process and occurs when the eye’s lens becomes less flexible, making it harder to focus on close objects. Symptoms of presbyopia include difficulty reading small print, eye strain, and headaches. The most common treatment for presbyopia is reading glasses or multifocal lenses, which provide correction for both distance and close-up vision.

Cataracts

Cataracts are a common condition that occurs when the eye’s natural lens becomes cloudy, causing blurred vision, glare, and difficulty seeing at night. While cataracts can occur at any age, they are most common in older adults. In mild cases, vision can be improved with corrective eyewear or brighter lighting. In more severe cases, cataract surgery may be necessary.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to the optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. It is often caused by increased pressure inside the eye, which can damage the optic nerve over time. Symptoms of glaucoma include gradual loss of peripheral vision and, in severe cases, total blindness. Treatment for glaucoma typically involves medication or surgery to lower intraocular pressure.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration is a condition that causes the central portion of the retina to deteriorate, leading to blurred or distorted vision. It is most common in older adults and can be classified as dry or wet. While there is no cure for AMD, treatment can help slow its progression and preserve vision.

Understanding common eye conditions and their management is important for maintaining good eye health. If you are experiencing any symptoms of these conditions, it is important to schedule an appointment with your optometrist to receive proper diagnosis and treatment. At Invision Optical, our team of professionals is here to help you maintain healthy eyes and clear vision.

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Our Services

Adult Eye Exam

At Invision Eye Clinic we recommend that every adult from the age of 19 to 65 have a comprehensive eye exam every year. As we get older, there is a higher chance to develop ocular conditions such as cataracts,  glaucoma, and macular degeneration. For this reason, an annual eye exam is all the more important for adults over the age of 65. An annual eye exam is also recommended for anyone with a systemic condition like diabetes or multiple sclerosis where there can be a significant impact on vision and ocular health.

Our doctors strive to provide outstanding eye care with visual solutions that are custom designed to meet each patients’ individual needs. Our experienced staff will then work one on one with each patient to find the glasses and lens options that best suits their respective lifestyle.

Child Eye Exam

At Invision Eye Clinic we recommend children have their first eye exam by the age of 3, and then yearly thereafter. With every child, we strive to support them with their visual development and help them meet the visual demands of the world around them.

During your child’s eye exam, our doctors will assess them for near-sightedness (myopia), far-sightedness (hyperopia), an eye turn (strabismus), lazy eye (amblyopia) and other ocular pathologies. We will also assess your child’s eye movement (tracking) skills, and the coordination of their eyes while they are performing visual tasks.

It is important to remember that your child does not need to be able to read or to identify letters to have an eye examination. Our tests are designed for all ages and provide vital information about your child’s eye health.

Dry Eye

Dry eyes can show up in various different forms; red eyes, watery eyes, itchy eyes, tired or uncomfortable vision. When the delicate balance of tears on the eye is unbalanced, a cascade of these symptoms can present. Crustiness around the eyes in the morning and chronic styes can also be traced back to a dry eye problem. The impact of our habits and environment cannot be overlooked. Our habits, environment and changes in season can all play a role in severity of our symptoms.

At Invision Eye Clinic, each exam includes an evaluation to not only identify potential dry eye, but to also investigate the possible causes and factors that have contributed to it.

For patients who are suffering from more advanced cases of dry eye, we offer in depth dry eye testing that investigates the root causes of the disease. We can develop a treatment plan that will involve both the management of symptoms and a preventative maintenance protocol.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease affecting how the body uses or produces insulin, a hormone that controls blood glucose (sugar) levels. Those suffering from diabetes are at risk of developing various other health issues, including impacts to their vision and eye health.

At our clinic, we implement the latest OCT technology to monitor and assess the impact of diabetes in the eye so that vision can be kept at optimal levels. Our diabetic eye exams not only include digital retinal imaging to look for diabetic changes, but also an internal sub-surface scan to create a detailed map of the eye. When required, our doctors can also use OCT angiography to map out individual blood vessels in the eye to look for even the earliest signs of damage from diabetes.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a slow progressing disease and can often go unnoticed without regular testing. It involves an increase in eye pressure that can slowly damage the optic nerve inside the eye, causing vision loss. If left undiagnosed and untreated, it can easily lead to blindness.

At our clinic, we screen each and every patient with an OCT scan of their optic nerve to assess the risks of glaucoma. For patients who are at risk or who are diagnosed with glaucoma, comprehensive eye exams and visual field tests are crucial alongside more detailed OCT scans.

Glaucoma can be a confusing and stressful disease for patients. At our clinic, our doctors take the time to perform the necessary tests and discuss all the treatment options with our patients.

Eye Wear

At Invision Eye Clinic attention to detail is the key feature in dispensing personalized eyewear suited to your visual needs. Prior to dispensing, each order is inspected by our opticians to ensure accuracy & quality.

From Hand Made Boutique Eyewear to big names in the fashion industry, we carry a wide variety of colours and styles to fit every age group and taste. We make sure that our inventory is fresh and current throughout the year.

Contact Lenses

At Invision Eye Clinic our doctors can help you find the contact lenses that right for your eyes. Whether you have an active lifestyle, don’t like the look or feel of glasses, or just want something part time for social occasions, our optometrists are here to help.

First time contact lens wearer? Worried if contacts are the right solution for you? Rest assured, at Invision Eye Clinic, we take the time to perform an individual trial fit of each contact lens to make sure we have the right lens for each patient. We have a wide selection of contact lens brands and styles, and are confident that we can meet your visual needs.

Our Technology

At Invision Eye Clinic, we strive to provide the highest level of eye care. To help us achieve this goal, we have invested in state-of-the-art technology. Our integrated electronic medical records enable you to book your appointments online and have your third-party medical insurance submitted electronically at the time of your visit. All our patient records are stored using encrypted security measures and in compliance to the privacy policies within the health industry.

Our OCT retinal imaging camera takes a detailed scan of your retina allowing for early detection of many retinal diseases. Retinal imaging also allows for making close comparisons and watching for trend patterns between scans so that changes in the eyes can be monitored over time. The OCT has enabled eye care professionals to detect and monitor the subtle changes that can occur in diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, macular degeneration, glaucoma, retinal toxicity, and multiple sclerosis.

Visual field testing is done at our clinic through the world of virtual reality. With our portable VR headset, we are able to accurately and quickly perform all types of visual field tests. Alongside this, the wearable technology also allows us to perform screenings, colour vision, and pupillometry measurements right in the headset.